Lochaber (including Moidart, Ardnamurchan, Morvern, Morar and Arisaig) is an internationally important region for upland habitats, and includes heaths (wet, dry and montane), calcareous grassland, montane scrub, rock and scree, and summit vegetation. The dry heath supports heather (Calluna vulgaris), bell heather (Erica cinerea), bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus), western gorse (Ulex europaeus) with tormentil (Potentilla tormentilla) and grasses. The more common wet heath vegetation comprises of heather, bell heather, cross-leaved heath (Erica tetralix), bilberry, deergrass (Trichophorum cespitosum) and purple moor grass (Molinia caerulea) with Sphagnum mosses.
Montane heath consists of moss heath, dwarf shrubs and Artic-Alpine communities and it confined to north-west Scotland. Hardy alpines and arctic flora are found in the higher mountains, epitomised by the magnificent Ben Nevis range, and include alpine saxifrage (Saxifraga nivalis), the rare drooping saxifrage (Saxifraga cernua), northern rock-cress (Arabidopsis petraea), diapensia (Diapensia lapponica), mountain avens (Dryas octopetala), moss campion (Silene acaulis), parsley fern (Cryptogramma crispa) and alpine lady-fern (Athyrium distentifolium), as well as specialist ferns, bryophytes and lichens, including the northern holly fern (Polystichum lonchitis). In addition, mountain willow (Salix arbuscula) is restricted to Ben Nevis in Lochaber and arctic sandwort (Arenaria norvegica) grows on basaltic screes in Morvern and the Small Isle.
Look out for mountain ringlet, slow worm, adder, mountain hare, ptarmigan, red deer, red grouse, snipe, golden plover, greenshank, ring ouzel, raven, and a range of raptors, including merlin, peregrine falcon, hen harrier and golden eagle. A great habitat to spot wildlife.